AN INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE PDF

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An Introduction To Psychological Science Pdf

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Download PDF Introduction to Psychological Science, First Canadian Edition Plus NEW. MyPsychLab with Pearson EText -- Access Card Package. Authored by. Find all the study resources for An Introduction to Psychological Science, First Canadian Edition, by Mark Krause; Daniel Corts; Stephen C Smith; Dan. Psychological Science. Psychologists study the behaviour of both humans and animals. The main purpose of this research is to help us understand people and .

When he was elected president of the American Psychological Association in , he jumped at the opportunity to alter the direction of the field from such an influential position. He proposed a new subfield of psychology with a focus on what is life-giving rather than life-depleting.

The plethora of projects and papers on positive topics has provided an enormous repository of knowledge on how to encourage ourselves and those around us to live the best lives possible. Injecting a bit more optimism and gratitude into your life is a simple action that can give you a radically more positive outlook on life. Of course, no respected positive psychologist would tell you to think about, act out, and focus on ONLY the positive in life—balance is important.

For example, each of these findings gives us a concrete idea for improving our own quality of life: People overestimate the impact of money on their happiness by quite a lot. Renowned positive psychologist Roy F. Baumeister and colleagues took on the challenge of determining what makes a good life, and they found some interesting findings that you can apply to your own life Their research showed that happiness and a sense of meaning in life do not necessarily go hand-in-hand, indicating that focusing on positive emotions alone will not bring the fulfilling and satisfying life you crave.

Happiness is present-oriented, rooted in the moment, while meaningfulness is more focused on the past and future and how they link to the present; this finding suggests that you can focus on the present to increase your happiness, but you might consider thinking more about your past and future to find meaning. An intention to express your authentic self and a sense of strong personal identity are linked to meaning, but not to happiness; if you are searching for meaning, try working on your practice of authenticity.

Findings such as these have given rise to, and are driven by, a number of interesting theories that pepper the positive psychology literature. Positive psychology is neither a recycled version of the power of positive thinking nor a sequel to The Secret.

For an overview of some of the most salient theories and concepts in positive psychology, the website positivepsychology. Goals of Positive Psychology in Coaching Applying positive psychology to coaching can be a tricky business, but it is undertaken with the best of intentions and care for others.

You can probably easily see why the first goal is the biggest, and basically subsumes all the other goals. Seligman proposed this model to help explain and define well-being in greater depth.

Introduction to Psychology

Part of well-being is enjoying yourself in the moment, i. Having deep, meaningful relationships with others is vital to our well-being; M — Meaning: Even someone who is deliriously happy most of the time may not have a developed sense of well-being if they do not find meaning in their life. Without a drive to accomplish and achieve, we are missing one of the puzzle pieces of authentic well-being Seligman, This model gives us a comprehensive framework for understanding well-being as well as a foundation for improving well-being.

Each of these five aspects of the PERMA model are measurable, and each is vital for an overall sense of well-being. This model pushes past the older model of authentic happiness in its consideration of more than just happiness or positive emotions.

Happiness alone will likely not propel you towards flourishing, but well-being will. Understanding these concepts is vital for understanding the field of positive psychology. Read on to learn more about them.

3. Psychological Science

Flourishing Flourishing is one of the most significant concepts in positive psychology, as it encompasses and extends to so many other positive concepts. We flourish when we cultivate our talents and strengths, develop deep and meaningful relationships, feel pleasure and enjoyment, and make a meaningful contribution to the world. Positive psychologist and professor Dr.

Lynn Soots n. Flow Another well-known topic in positive psychology is that of flow. In the last few decades of the s, Csikszentmihalyi noticed that many artists fell into a particular state while they were working; this state was characterized by a particularly intense focus and great concentration on the task at hand, to the point of losing track of time for hours at a time.

He continued pursuing this topic, and noticed it in others as well. Professional athletes, musicians, writers, and people from all sorts of artistic and creative trades frequently reported losing themselves into their work in a similar way.

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As he gathered more descriptions of this phenomenon, he observed six factors that characterize an experience of flow: Intense and focused concentration on the present moment; The merging of action and awareness, or being fully present in your actions; A loss of reflective self-consciousness lack of attention to the self ; A sense of personal control or agency in the situation; A distorted sense of time passing; Experiencing the activity or situation as intrinsically rewarding Csikszentmihalyi, In this book there are many citations of original research articles, and I encourage you to read those reports when you find a topic interesting.

Most of these papers are readily available online through your college or university library. It is only by reading the original reports that you will really see how the research process works. A list of some of the most important journals in psychology is provided here for your information. Psychological Journals The following is a list of some of the most important journals in various subdisciplines of psychology.

The research articles in these journals are likely to be available in your college or university library. You should try to read the primary source material in these journals when you can.

General Psychology. DePaulo, B. Cues to deception.

Psychological Bulletin , 1 , 74— Fajen, B. Behavioral dynamics of steering, obstacle avoidance, and route selection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 29 2 , — Fiske, S. Social science research on trial: Use of sex stereotyping research in Price Waterhouse v.

References

American Psychologist , 46 10 , — Lewin, K. T he complete social scientist: A Kurt Lewin reader M. Gold, Ed. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Saxe, L.While this is impressive enough on its own, Seligman knew that he had more to offer the psychology community and the world at large—in particular, more work on the positive, the uplifting, and the inspiring. Chinese psychologists were encouraged to focus on education and language learning, with the aspiration that education would enable modernization and nationalization.

You should try to read the primary source material in these journals when you can.

The results of psychological research are reported primarily in research articles published in scientific journals, and your instructor may require you to read some of these. Experimental psychologists have devised a variety of ways to indirectly measure these elusive phenomenological entities.